California’s Punjabi Mexican Americans

Ethnic choices made by the descendants of Punjabi pioneers and their Mexican wives By Karen Leonard, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California at Irvine. (Originally published in The World & I, vol. 4(5), May 1989, pp. 612-623.)(This article appeared in the May 1989 issue and is reprinted with permission from The World & […]

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Gadar Memorial Center, San Francisco

​Anything associated with Gadar sends a wave of chill in my spine. Gadar also symbolizes a dream of some simple brave Indians who thought that once they were out of the British reach in India or other colonies, they could challenge their might. But they were politically naïve. The British were able to tap into […]

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1915 Stockton Sikh Temple

This article originally appeared in the Stockton Record  on November 22, 1915. ​The new Sikh Temple of the Pacific Coast Khalsa Diwan (free divine communion) Society was dedicated yesterday with impressive ceremonies. The day selected for the formal opening of the new temple, which is located at 1936 South Grant street, was the 426th anniversary of […]

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1906-1922 “Hindu Alley”

“Hindu Alley” Men Were Peaceable (1906-1922)                  For more than 15 years Astoria had a Hindu Alley, a block of houses on Birch                                                   […]

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A Continuous Journey

In the fall of 1996 the Sutter Community Museum presented an exhibit A Continuous Journey commemorating Punjabi settlement in California. The text which follows was originally part of that exhibit. We appreciate the Museum allowing us to present those texts here.Early ImmigrationOfficial records of arrivals from India were sketchy until the close of the 19th […]

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BABA SOHAN SINGH BHAKNA- A GREAT REVOLUTIONARY

Theodore Roosevelt once wrote: “No man is worth his salt who is not ready at all times to risk his body, to risk his well-being, to risk his life in great cause.” And what could be greater than the cause of emancipation of one’s motherland from bondage of all sorts – political, social, religious or […]

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BABA HARI SINGH USMAN. PREM SINGH BAJAJ, M.A.

While the nation was celebrating the Independence Day on 15th August, 1969, yet another, perhaps the oldest-living veteran freedom-fighter was breathing his last, almost unknown, unlamented and unsung, like so many of his comrades-in-arms. His long life was a saga of struggles and sacrifices.After serving in the British Indian Army for a short spell, Baba […]

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